Under Philippine law, a co-heir or co-owner may institute a legal action without necessarily involving all other co-owners. This is especially true if the lawsuit benefits all parties involved.
A Co-Heir may Institute an Action Prior to Full Settlement of Estate and Without Impleading the Other Co-Heirs
(Socorro T. Clemente, as substituted by Salvador T. Clemente, petitioner, v. Republic of the Philippines (Department of Public Works and Highways, Region IV-A), respondent; G.R. No. 220008)
Special Order for the creation of survey team to conduct verification survey of Lot 1830, CAD 1088-D, a deliberate distortion of FP-59625 situated at Labueg Kapangan, Benguet, Approved in 1941 Ownership of Carmen Talna Sabaoan Molintas, responds OSEC-2023-004336: IC-OL-JAN-23-0072.