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For 320 years, from 1570 to 1890, the Igorots held off the Spaniards spilling their blood in defense of their traditions, lands, and religious beliefs. They defended the gold mines of the Philippines in which today, modern Filipinos benefit from.

The Igorots are not generally warlike as most Filipinos would think. Matter of fact, before the Spaniards came, the Igorots were mostly farmers, hunters, and miners-war was more of a ritual than a way of life.

Modern Filipinos love to copy what the Spaniards labelled the Igorots to be-warlike tribes-and yet no, Igorots are not generally warlike.

#Igorots #warriors #Spaniards

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Bontoc Igorot warriors showing their iron-age weapons.

Some Igorots are experienced fighters after resisting the Spaniards for 320 years. After Spain subdued the Igorots by 1890 with the use of modern rifles and cannons, the next generation of Igorots have never been involved with any warfare involving firearms.

Most tribes became farmers and traders-bringing gold and vegetables from the mountains down to the Ilocano low-lands.

#Bontoc #Igorot #warrior #weapons #iron

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Joshua Pacio Is Proud Of His Igorot Warrior Spirit

Joshua "The Passion" Pacio explains that the Igorots are known for their warrior qualities.

"Igorots are known for bravery, for being strong, and of course, for being fighters," he says.

"They should always be humble and mentally prepared for what challenges will come.

"I'm a proud Igorot. Every time I enter the cage, I'm ready for a challenge."

#Pacio #MMA #TeamLakay #ThePassion #ONE #Igorot #Warrior

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Ollasic, Guyao, Guiwanas and Balinte

Four Kalinga maingor (warriors) photographed at the Baguio Carnival and Exposition of 1949.

All of these Kalinga men fought during the Japanese occupation and were photographed in their best durao (headdress) and baag (loincloth) for the Exposition.

Their tattoos (batek), which were badges of honor back home, were a big draw since most visitors had never seen tattooed warriors with spears (balbeg) before.

#Ollasic #Guyao #Guiwanas #Balinte #Kalinga #maingor #Baguio #1949expo #durao #batek #baag #balbeg

Ollasic, Guyao, Guiwanas & Balinte
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In Spring 1904, when the World's Fair in St. Louis opened, people from faraway lands were an expected attraction. "Villages" from different nations were recreated including the Philippines.

The U.S. government spent $1.5 million to import 1,300 indigenous Filipinos from different tribes to show the Americans the backward ways of the natives. Fairgoers were both shocked and fascinated at the cultural practice of the Igorots of eating dog meat. In the words of then U.S. Secretary of War William Howard Taft, their "little brown brothers," were not ready to rule their island nation on their own. They needed guidance, they needed the Americans.

The Igorots soon became one of the most famous displays during the fair. The man in charge of keeping them in check was Truman Hunt, who served as a medical doctor during the war. Hunt stayed in the province after the way and soon became the lieutenant governor of Bontoc Province.

Hunt saw firsthand how the Igorots were a hit among the Americans. This was how he got the idea to bring them back the following year, and this time, for his own financial benefit.

#Igorrotte #StLouis #HumanZoo #Igorot

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Keynote speech delivered by Joanna K. Cariño, Sandugo Movement of Moro and Indigenous Peoples for Self-Determination (Sandugo) and 2019 Gwangju Prize for Human Rights (GPHR) awardee at the University of the Philippines Manila on November 6, 2019.

***
Igorots in the FQS

Igorot youth and students in Baguio and Manila were active participants in the upsurge of activism of the First Quarter Storm. Aside from joining activist organizations such as Kabataang Makabayan (KM) ang Samahang Demokratiko ng Kabataan (SDK), they organized distinct Igorot activist organizations.

Igorot youth and students in the national capital region organized themselves into the Kilusang Kabataan ng Kabundukan (KKK) and joined in the massive demonstrations calling for system change. Their favorite meeting place was at the home of noted Cordillera historian William Henry Scott, such that these Cordillera activists came to be known as Scotty's boys.

The Baguio-schooled Igorot activists named their organization the Highland Activists (Hi-Ac), which had its base at the University of Baguio. From Kabataang Makabayan, my older sister, Jingjing, became an organizer of the Highland Activists. In addition to Hi-Ac, organizing of many different activist organizations was brisk, and protest actions in the city paralleled those in Manila. Even the town centers of the Cordillera were reached by the upheavals of the First Quarter Storm, especially as student activists continued with their education and organizing activities when they would go home during vacation time.

In December 1971, the Cordillera Congress for National Liberation was held in Bontoc, Mountain Province. Here, more than 50 youthful Igorot activists from all over the Cordillera, coming from the activist organizations in Baguio and Manila and even a few budding activists from high schools in the town centers converged to study the basic problems of Philippine society and the role of the Igorot youth in social transformation. Our main reference was Amado Guerrero's Philippine Society and Revolution, which was the basic study material of pre-martial law activists. There was a special interest in PSR's specific section on national minorities, relevant portions of which are quoted here:

"Special recognition must be given to the need for autonomous government among the national minorities... The vast majority of the national minorities live in the hinterlands and in areas most neglected and abused by the reactionary government. The national minorities have long been subjected to Christian chauvinism and oppression by the reactionaries... The Party recognizes their right to self-determination. They can be united with the rest of the Filipino people only on the basis of equality and respect for their culture or race."

The great Cordillera historian William Henry Scott, or Scotty as he was fondly called, wrote an essay specifically for the Congress, entitled The Creation of a Cultural Minority. Scotty was among the many academics who were greatly affected by the First Quarter Storm, especially as his house practically served as the headquarters of Igorot activists in Manila, and he wanted to make a contribution to this first-ever regional gathering of Igorot activists. The essay was read before the Congress by one of Scotty's boys, Victor Ananayo, on his behalf. [This paper was mimeographed many times over and had continuing relevance in the organizing of Igorot activists not only during the FQS but up to the martial law period and beyond. The essay was later published as a booklet by Malaya Books, Inc. (Quezon City) in 1972 with the title The Igorot Struggle for Independence.

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#igorot #kabataan #youth #Cordillera #Indigenous

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