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A Brief History of Mountain Province: From La Montanosa to CAR

Read the brief history of Mountain Province, from the Comandancia era to its pivotal role in the Cordillera Administrative Region today.

Discover the intriguing history of Mountain Province with a concise overview, tracing pivotal events from its Comandancias Politico-Militar to its role in shaping the Cordillera region under Republic Act No. 4695.

During the Spanish era, Mountain Province-referred to locally as La MontaƱosa or Montanyosa-comprised six Comandancias Politico-Militar: Benguet, Lepanto, Bontoc, Amburayan, Kayapa, and Cabugaoan.

Under American colonial rule, the Philippine Commission enacted Act No. 1876 on August 19, 1908, consolidating the entire Cordillera region into a single province named Mountain Province, with Bontoc as its capital. Initially encompassing Amburayan, Apayao, Benguet, Lepanto-Bontoc, Ifugao, and Kalinga sub-provinces, Mountain Province underwent subsequent administrative changes.

Discover the brief history of Mountain Province, tracing its evolution from the era of Comandancia to its pivotal role in the Cordillera Administrative Region today.

In 1920, Amburayan was abolished, and its territories were redistributed to Ilocos Sur and La Union provinces. Similarly, Lepanto's size was reduced, integrating its towns into Bontoc, Benguet, and Ilocos Sur.

On April 7, 1967, Republic Act No. 4695 divided the former Mountain Province into Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga-Apayao, and the newly reconstituted Mountain Province. These provinces are integral parts of the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), established under Executive Order No. 220 in 1987, to cater to the unique cultural and administrative needs of the Cordillera people.

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