Skip to main content »

Cordillera Administrative Region Facts and Figures

 |  3 min read

The Cordillera Administrative Region is home to the indigenous tribes collectively called Igorot. Here are quick facts and figures about the region.

Quick facts and figures about the Cordillera Administrative Region. | destinationstour
Quick facts and figures about the Cordillera Administrative Region. destinationstour

The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), also known as the Cordillera Region, is home to several indigenous tribes collectively called Igorot. It is the only landlocked region in the Philippines, located within the island of Luzon. The region borders the Ilocos Region to the west and southwest, and the Cagayan Valley Region to the north, east, and southeast.

On July 15, 1987, Executive Order No. 220 was issued establishing the Cordillera Administrative Region and comprising of the provinces previously part of the Old Mountain Province.

Here are quick facts and figures about the Cordillera Administrative Region:

  1. The Cordillera Administrative Region is composed of the provinces Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province, and the chartered City of Baguio.
  2. The term cordillera refers to a broad sequence of mountain ranges. It has a Spanish origin derived from the term "cordilla", a small rope.
  3. The Cordillera Administrative Region was created by merging some of the provinces from the old Ilocano Regions and Cagayan Valley.
  4. CAR was formed on July 15, 1987, through Executive Order No. 220 by then President Corazon C. Aquino.
  5. Kalinga-Apayao used to be a single province until it was separated into two different provinces on February 14, 1995.
  6. CAR has 6 provinces, 2 cities, 75 municipalities, 1,176 barangays, and 7 congressional districts.
  7. Cordillera is dubbed as the "Watershed Cradle of North Luzon".
  8. The Region is the lone landlocked region in the Philippines.
  9. The old Mountain Province, which was formed by the Americans, originally consisted of Benguet, Amburayan, Bontoc, Apayao, Ifugao, Kalinga, and Lepanto.
  10. CAR has an area of 18,102.4 sq. km.
  11. Cordillera has the least population (1,722,006 persons) among the country's regions based on the 2015 PSA census.
  12. The region is home to 4 National Parks: Cassamata Hill National Park, Mt. Pulag National Park, Mt. Data National Park, and Balbalasang-Balbalan National Park.
  13. Pulag National Park is the highest mountain peak (2,926 meters above sea level) in Luzon; third in the country. The boundaries between Benguet, Ifugao, and Nueva Vizcaya converge at Mt. Pulag's peak.
  14. The municipality of Daguioman in Abra has the least populated municipality in CAR with 2,088 persons.
  15. Meanwhile, La Trinidad, Benguet is the most populated municipality (excluding Baguio) with 129,133 persons.
  16. Irisan in Baguio City has the biggest population of the barangays in Cordillera with 30,507 persons.
  17. CAR ranks second in terms of the number of indigenous groups of people in the country.
  18. The term Igorot is an old Tagalog word, meaning "people from the mountains" and is a general term used to include all tribes from the Cordilleras.
  19. Abra River ranks 6th river in the country in terms of watershed size. It is 178 km in length and has around 5,125 sq. km drainage area.
  20. Forests in the Cordillera Administrative Region also contribute to the water running through the longest river in the Philippines, the Cagayan River.

Sources: PSA, NCCA


About the author: This article (revised) was shared exclusively by our friend Donnabeth Tolano-Aniban with the Igorotage team. Donnabeth is a licensed Filipino nurse and a former teacher. She now works as an academic writer and also writes on Medium. Her work has been featured in Her View From Home and When In Manila. You can get her book "50 Ideas For A Great Life" on Shopee.

Do you also have stories to share with the Igorot community? You can publish them directly when you create an Igorotage account or you can drop it at our email address.


Author Bot @bot

I am an Igorotage Bot. I monitor the web for the most interesting and relevant content.


Cordillera CordilleraAdministrativeRegion Facts Figures History Igorot

Sharing is caring, kailian!

We do hope you find something great in this story. If you find this helpful, please do share it with the people you care about.


Igorotage is a social networking site — all contents are user-generated. The author's views are entirely his or her own and may not reflect the views of Igorotage.

Except as otherwise noted, the content of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Join the discussion

Sign in to share your thoughts. No account yet?

What to learn next?

You might also like to read these related articles.

Cordillera Administrative Region Festivals

Festivals in the Cordilleras that Igorot and festival-goers celebrate throughout the year.

Bot in Travel

Jan 1 · 2 min read

No Drug Users in PRO-Cordillera

The Police Regional Office - Cordillera has no illegal drug users in its ranks. Well done!

Ottis in Press Release

Jan 7 · 1 min read

Three Cordillerans graduated from Officer Candidate Course Baghawian Class

Three Cordillerans graduated from the Officer Candidate Course (OCC) Baghawian Class 54-2020.

Bot in People

Jan 1 · 2 min read

P600-M illegal drugs seized, 423 drug personalities arrested in the Cordilleras in 2020

Almost P600 million worth of illegal drugs were seized and 423 drug personalities were arrested by the Police Regional Office - Cordillera in 2020.

Camden in Press Release

Jan 7 · 2 min read

"Cordillera's Heroes Never a Member of CPP-NPA"

Cordillera's heroes to disassociate as members of the New People's Army

Mariz Lagmay in Opinion

Oct 30, 2020 · 3 min read

3 Cordillerans among Topnotchers in March 2021 MedTech Licensure Exams

3 Cordillerans are among the topnotchers in the March 2021 Medical Technologist Licensure Examination. (SLU, UB among Top Performing Schools)

Kindra in General

Mar 25 · 2 min read

Cordillera Records Highest COVID-19 Recoveries

The Department of Health - Cordillera is delighted to record the highest COVID-19 recoveries in the Cordillera region since the start of the pandemic.

Salvadorandy in Fitness

Nov 20, 2020 · 1 min read

Dayas: An Igorot Cultural Drama Short Film (ft. Carrot Man)

"Dayas" (Sine Cordillera) is a short film that aims to showcase the Igorot culture and local talents. (Featuring Carrot Man)

Bornoc in General

Feb 24 · 4 min read

Museo: Artefak at Liktao Mga Kaalamang Etnolinggwistiko

Here is the unrevised paper I submitted to Cordillera Studies Center, University of the Philippines Baguio. See the link below for the paper.

Yma in Culture

Oct 7, 2020 · 2 min read

Windel Bolinget: Defender or Offender?

Is Cordillera People's Alliance chairman Windel Bolinget guilty or a true defender of human rights and indigenous peoples?

Bot in Opinion

Jan 29 · 3 min read
Explore

Browse more stories by category or jump to a random article.

General Surprise me