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Baliling: The Amazing Architectural Gardening of the Mountain Province

"Baliling" or "Binaliling" is a farming technique which is still being practiced by the indigenous peoples of Bayyo, Bontoc in Mountain Province.

Baliling is done by overturning the soil and creating beds after the rice cropping cycle.

The rows are usually planted with legumes or sweet potatoes. This improves soil fertility and aeration. The gutters in between were then filled with water, an efficient irrigation system. Creating artistic patterns in the fields bringing a joyful aura in the field for the farmers, and all entities that inhabit the field.

This includes ancestral and nature spirits who are believed to be also sharing space and participate in bringing about abundant harvest and balances ecosystems.

Credit: Proud to be Indigenous

#Baliling #farming #Bontoc #MtProvince

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This is not the famous Ifugao Rice Terraces.

Maligcong Rice Terraces, Bontoc, Mountain Province

Photo: theboywhowantedtofly

#Maligcong #RiceTerraces #Bontoc #MtProvince

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Bontoc chieftain Antonio and the different types of Bontoc spears

Behind Bontoc chieftain Antonio are the different types of Bontoc spears.

He is holding a two barbed "Falfeg". The "Falfeg" was barbed, not for enhanced human or game killing ability but for more spiritual purposes.

Being animist, the Bontoc Igorots believed that the barbs are there to ensnare spirits. The more barbs, made the Falfeg a more effective weapon to fight evil spirits.

#Igorot #Bontoc #spears #Falfeg #Antonio

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JUST IN: Today, April 21, 2020, Bontoc Mayor Franklin C. Odsey issued an executive order declaring Barangay Mainit, Bontoc, Mountain Province in a state of lockdown and strictly regular entry and exit thereto.

#Mainit #Bontoc #MtProvince #Lockdown

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Bontoc couple celebrates wedding milestone by providing snacks to frontliners

A kind-hearted couple celebrates marriage milestone by sharing their blessings to others.

Mr. Raymundo Basco and his wife, Mrs.Jen Basco, the owner of Rio Chico Marketing decided to celebrate their 18th year of wedding anniversary by providing snacks to the frontliners.

They coursed their donation through the Bontoc Operations Center (OpCen) on April 22, 2020. Their donations include one box pineapple and peanut bread, 12 bottles of local organic honey, and 3 three packs of organic muscovado sugar.

Best wishes!

Photo Credits: MDRRM Office

#COVID19 #marriage #anniversary #donation #coronavirus

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The Ibaloi or Nabaloi is an indigenous ethnic group found in the northern Philippines. The Ibalois occupy the southeastern two-thirds of Benguet, particularly the municipalities of Kabayan, Bokod, Sablan, Tublay, La Trinidad, Tuba and Itogon, and the southern portions of Kapangan and Atok (CSG 2003).

Called Ipaway by the Kalanguyas, the name is derived from "those who live in the grasslands," with 'paway' as the Kalanguya term for grassland.

In Ibaloi mythology, this group's origin is traced back to a couple in Mt. Pulog who survived the great flood that Kabunian sent to punish the wicked people. This couple bore many children who intermarried, multiplied and descended to the fertile valleys of Benguet, including Tinek, to become the ancestors of the present-day Ibalois.

On August 1908, the Worcester policy was establishedby the government of Philippines, to organize perceived ethnic groupings and habitats under one province, the Mountain Province, into seven sub-provinces: Amburayan, Apayao, Benguet, Bontoc, Ifugao, Kalinga, and Lepanto.

The aim of this policy was to separate the mountain people from the lowlanders (Resurreccion 1999). This is to give a backgrounder as to the concepts of Igorot, meaning "of the mountains" (Scott 1992), Ibaloi, Kalanguya and Kankana-ey, as identifiers ascribed by others.

There are three migration routes of the Ibalois as proposed by Bagamaspad and Pawid (1985). From the Lingayen and Ilocos coasts, the early Ibalois moved to the Southern Cordillera Range through the tributaries of Aringay and Galiano rivers to Chuyo (Bakakeng) and Tonglo (Tili) in Tuba; the tributaries of the Amburayan River to Darew (Gaswiling) and Palaypay (Pungayan) in Kapangan; and third, the Agno River to Imbose (Pacso) in Kabayan and Amlimay in Buguias. It has also been proposed that by 1600 A.D., people started moving to the valley settlements along the Agno River from their settlements around the Mount Pulog area (particularly Tinoc, Hungudan).

Regarding the tracing of lineage, kinship is reckoned bilaterally, that is, from both parents. This makes extended households commonplace in Ibaloi societies. While rich (baknang) households are usually composed of extended families averaging at four to five, poor (abiteg) households are nuclear with the husband, wife and offspring.

Traditional Ibalois engage in wet-rice agriculture, swidden farming, mining, hunting and fishing. The 'baknang' (rich) has people working under him such as the pastol who takes care of domesticated animals and assists in the preparation of rituals like the caƱao; the silbi who takes care in tilling the land; and the bagaen, a non-Ibaloi slave who does other tasks as required.

#Ibaloi #Benguet #History

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