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Museo Kordilyera, the ethnographic museum of the University of the Philippines -Baguio opened a new exhibit called Handwoven Tales: The Warp and Weft of Cordillera Textiles last Nov. 15. The exhibit features different types of handwoven textiles by different ethnic groups in the Cordillera. It also includes some interactive elements such as traditional implements and tools used in weaving.

Museo Kordilyera is located within the UP-Baguio campus along Gov. Pack Road. It is open from Tuesdays to Sundays, from 9am to 5pm. Admission fees for adults are at PhP 60; non-UP students with valid ID only pay PhP 30, while senior citizens and PWDs only pay PhP45. Visit Creative Baguio for more information on the events for the Ibagiw Festival.

#MuseoKordilyera #handwoven #textiles #exhibit #tradition #weaving

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Kathryn Bernardo wearing a Kalinga made choker, her sleeve accent is Ifugao weave po, we sell it per yard... The tela used in her long skirt is also handwoven in KALINGA...

Let's say thank you to Kath for bringing our products in the limelight... She's doing so much to help keep the weaving industry alive and strong....

Pangaasiyo kakailyan ta tomolong kayo agilako ti produkto ti kakailyan tayo... Ta ado ti mapakan na dytoy nga trabaho nga nasayaat.... Saan tayo koma nga number one mang dadael ti diskarte ti kakailyan tayo... Ta ado da ya ti kayat da lng ket saan nga kumit piman ti weavers... Ket apay saan tayo maragsakan aya nu kumita met ti pagbiagan ti kakailyan nga weavers.... Napintas dytoy nga pag byagan kakailyan.... Supporta lng ti kasapulan especially nu awan met balak u nga gumatang...

By The Igorot fb page

#KathrynBernardo #Igorot #wear #weave

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The Ibaloi or Nabaloi is an indigenous ethnic group found in the northern Philippines. The Ibalois occupy the southeastern two-thirds of Benguet, particularly the municipalities of Kabayan, Bokod, Sablan, Tublay, La Trinidad, Tuba and Itogon, and the southern portions of Kapangan and Atok (CSG 2003).

Called Ipaway by the Kalanguyas, the name is derived from "those who live in the grasslands," with 'paway' as the Kalanguya term for grassland.

In Ibaloi mythology, this group's origin is traced back to a couple in Mt. Pulog who survived the great flood that Kabunian sent to punish the wicked people. This couple bore many children who intermarried, multiplied and descended to the fertile valleys of Benguet, including Tinek, to become the ancestors of the present-day Ibalois.

On August 1908, the Worcester policy was establishedby the government of Philippines, to organize perceived ethnic groupings and habitats under one province, the Mountain Province, into seven sub-provinces: Amburayan, Apayao, Benguet, Bontoc, Ifugao, Kalinga, and Lepanto.

The aim of this policy was to separate the mountain people from the lowlanders (Resurreccion 1999). This is to give a backgrounder as to the concepts of Igorot, meaning "of the mountains" (Scott 1992), Ibaloi, Kalanguya and Kankana-ey, as identifiers ascribed by others.

There are three migration routes of the Ibalois as proposed by Bagamaspad and Pawid (1985). From the Lingayen and Ilocos coasts, the early Ibalois moved to the Southern Cordillera Range through the tributaries of Aringay and Galiano rivers to Chuyo (Bakakeng) and Tonglo (Tili) in Tuba; the tributaries of the Amburayan River to Darew (Gaswiling) and Palaypay (Pungayan) in Kapangan; and third, the Agno River to Imbose (Pacso) in Kabayan and Amlimay in Buguias. It has also been proposed that by 1600 A.D., people started moving to the valley settlements along the Agno River from their settlements around the Mount Pulog area (particularly Tinoc, Hungudan).

Regarding the tracing of lineage, kinship is reckoned bilaterally, that is, from both parents. This makes extended households commonplace in Ibaloi societies. While rich (baknang) households are usually composed of extended families averaging at four to five, poor (abiteg) households are nuclear with the husband, wife and offspring.

Traditional Ibalois engage in wet-rice agriculture, swidden farming, mining, hunting and fishing. The 'baknang' (rich) has people working under him such as the pastol who takes care of domesticated animals and assists in the preparation of rituals like the caƱao; the silbi who takes care in tilling the land; and the bagaen, a non-Ibaloi slave who does other tasks as required.

#Ibaloi #Benguet #History

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Philippine Ethnic Igorot Costumes; The Kalinga Native Costume

Male native costume

The "bag" (bahag) is the common costumes for male Igorots or Kalingas. It is a long woven material about 10 to 15 inches wide and 3 to 5 feet long.

Its main purpose is to cover the man's private parts. It's firmly secured at the waist to prevent the clothing from falling off and to ensure that it covers the male organs safely and properly.

Traditionally, there are no upper clothes for men. Tattoos are common in the upper body. The amount of tattoos indicates the male's authority in the village.

It can also denote how many enemies he has slain with his spear or bolo. Some Igorot or Kalinga costumes include a head gear adorned with feathers, and some arm bands.

Female native costume

On the other hand, the female Igorot or Kalinga costume consists of a large rectangular woven clothing about 3 to 5 feet wide, and 3 to 4 feet long.

It's simply worn like a skirt and secured around the waist. In the olden times, there were also no upper clothing for women, but as the modern era has come to influenced the new generation, earth colored blouses are now worn.

There are still some villages where married women go topless with the older generations. The new generation though has decided to wear upper clothing for decency purposes. However, going topless during the olden days was not considered indecent.

Men didn't eye women with impure thoughts, and there were no cases of rape. It was like Adam and Eve existing in the Garden of Eden before Eve got tempted by the devil.

During those times, being nude is pure and innocent and not an indecent exposure. The native beads or "bongol" in the Kalinga dialect usually adorns the woman's upper body.

The weight and amount of beads in the "bongol" indicate the status of the woman.

Richer and nobler women have heavier and multi-layered "bongols".

#Kalinga #tradition

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In 1911, 55 Igorots were brought to Europe. They were exhibited in France, Scotland, England, the Netherlands, and Belgium.

No one would have learned about it had it not been for a group of starving Igorots found wandering the streets of Ghent in Belgium.

To make matters worse, it was discovered that they had not been paid for many months. Nine members of the group also died, including five children.

#Igorots #Europe #exhibition

The Igorots dressed in European clothing | Photo: Wikimedia Commons
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Hand-weaving textile is one of the most interesting crafts of the Philippines, weighed with immense cultural significance. Little does one know, weaving is a sacred art. It is an elaborate process with many stages which includes a ritual.

#Ifugao #weaving #textile #art #culture #tradition

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