Philippine Ethnic Igorot Costumes; The Kalinga Native Costume
Male native costume
The "bag" (bahag) is the common costumes for male Igorots or Kalingas. It is a long woven material about 10 to 15 inches wide and 3 to 5 feet long.
Its main purpose is to cover the man's private parts. It's firmly secured at the waist to prevent the clothing from falling off and to ensure that it covers the male organs safely and properly.
Traditionally, there are no upper clothes for men. Tattoos are common in the upper body. The amount of tattoos indicates the male's authority in the village.
It can also denote how many enemies he has slain with his spear or bolo. Some Igorot or Kalinga costumes include a head gear adorned with feathers, and some arm bands.
Female native costume
On the other hand, the female Igorot or Kalinga costume consists of a large rectangular woven clothing about 3 to 5 feet wide, and 3 to 4 feet long.
It's simply worn like a skirt and secured around the waist. In the olden times, there were also no upper clothing for women, but as the modern era has come to influenced the new generation, earth colored blouses are now worn.
There are still some villages where married women go topless with the older generations. The new generation though has decided to wear upper clothing for decency purposes. However, going topless during the olden days was not considered indecent.
Men didn't eye women with impure thoughts, and there were no cases of rape. It was like Adam and Eve existing in the Garden of Eden before Eve got tempted by the devil.
During those times, being nude is pure and innocent and not an indecent exposure. The native beads or "bongol" in the Kalinga dialect usually adorns the woman's upper body.
The weight and amount of beads in the "bongol" indicate the status of the woman.
Richer and nobler women have heavier and multi-layered "bongols".
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The Ibaloi or Nabaloi is an indigenous ethnic group found in the northern Philippines. The Ibalois occupy the southeastern two-thirds of Benguet, particularly the municipalities of Kabayan, Bokod, Sablan, Tublay, La Trinidad, Tuba and Itogon, and the southern portions of Kapangan and Atok (CSG 2003).
Called Ipaway by the Kalanguyas, the name is derived from "those who live in the grasslands," with 'paway' as the Kalanguya term for grassland.
In Ibaloi mythology, this group's origin is traced back to a couple in Mt. Pulog who survived the great flood that Kabunian sent to punish the wicked people. This couple bore many children who intermarried, multiplied and descended to the fertile valleys of Benguet, including Tinek, to become the ancestors of the present-day Ibalois.
On August 1908, the Worcester policy was establishedby the government of Philippines, to organize perceived ethnic groupings and habitats under one province, the Mountain Province, into seven sub-provinces: Amburayan, Apayao, Benguet, Bontoc, Ifugao, Kalinga, and Lepanto.
The aim of this policy was to separate the mountain people from the lowlanders (Resurreccion 1999). This is to give a backgrounder as to the concepts of Igorot, meaning "of the mountains" (Scott 1992), Ibaloi, Kalanguya and Kankana-ey, as identifiers ascribed by others.
There are three migration routes of the Ibalois as proposed by Bagamaspad and Pawid (1985). From the Lingayen and Ilocos coasts, the early Ibalois moved to the Southern Cordillera Range through the tributaries of Aringay and Galiano rivers to Chuyo (Bakakeng) and Tonglo (Tili) in Tuba; the tributaries of the Amburayan River to Darew (Gaswiling) and Palaypay (Pungayan) in Kapangan; and third, the Agno River to Imbose (Pacso) in Kabayan and Amlimay in Buguias. It has also been proposed that by 1600 A.D., people started moving to the valley settlements along the Agno River from their settlements around the Mount Pulog area (particularly Tinoc, Hungudan).
Regarding the tracing of lineage, kinship is reckoned bilaterally, that is, from both parents. This makes extended households commonplace in Ibaloi societies. While rich (baknang) households are usually composed of extended families averaging at four to five, poor (abiteg) households are nuclear with the husband, wife and offspring.
Traditional Ibalois engage in wet-rice agriculture, swidden farming, mining, hunting and fishing. The 'baknang' (rich) has people working under him such as the pastol who takes care of domesticated animals and assists in the preparation of rituals like the cañao; the silbi who takes care in tilling the land; and the bagaen, a non-Ibaloi slave who does other tasks as required.
#Ibaloi #Benguet #History
The first wearer of the Miss Kalinga crown in 1996
The award-winning Lt. Col. Jessie Rose Bucalen-Austria, the first wearer of the Miss Kalinga crown in 1996.
Later, she went to PMA to hustle with the boys. Now sashed with Lt. Col., she remains an inspiration among women, with or without title.
Credit: Marciano Artizuela Paroy Jr.
#Kalinga #Beauty #Kalinga #queen #PMA #JessieRoseBucalenAustria #inspiration
Honest Kalinga Trike Driver Returns Lost Wallet
No words can express how much i thank you kuya for returning ate's wallet?❣ isa kang tapat at mabuting driver☺.. what you did will turn to more blessings??
#honest #tricycle #driver #Kalinga
Kindhearted policeman donates P50k wedding fund for Kalinga people
A story behind a kindhearted young policeman who instead of using 50,000 pesos of their proposed wedding they opt to donate the said amount to the "Adopt a family or Rectang Bayanihan" fund for the people of upper Kalinga.
Wedding come once in a life time between two lovers, so the would be couple will plan wittily to have memorable and successful celebration of their love. Patrolman John Cleveland A Pannogan and Ms Nannette C. Velasco scheduled their wedding ceremony this coming June but due to this COVID-19 pandemic, the would be couple cancel the said wedding and the money supposed to be used or alloted to was voluntarily and full heartedly donated to the " Adopt a family" fund.
The 2nd Kalinga Provincial Mobile Force Company under the leadership of PLTCOL IGAN P BALLANGAN salute and hailed this young police officer for his generosity.
We will encouraged other constituents who have more in life to share God's blessings to help those in need during crisis.
Source: Pnp Dos Kalinga Pmfc
#police #kindhearted #Kalinga #donation #wedding
PBGEN STEVE B. LUDAN: The first General of Lubo, Tanudan, Kalinga
Our humble Kailyan is a native of Tanudan and Benguet though more eloquent in speaking the lubo Kalinga language.
He is a member of the illustrous Philippine Military Academy " Tanglaw Diwa" Class of 1992.
With his stellar performance being in the police service for years, he bagged the most prestigious award being a recipient of COP Country's outstanding policemen in the Service 2012.
A great father, husband, son and kailyan who had shared his blessings to his village men and the people around him.
A huge blessing, with the grace of God, had been outpoured to him.. The first General of Lubo, Tanudan, Kalinga, PBGEN STEVE B. LUDAN!!!!
Credits: Eisenhower Bucalen
#General #Lubo #Tanudan #Kalinga