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Daniel Hudson Burnham: Architect of Baguio City

Daniel Hudson Burnham was an American architect and urban planner who had a significant impact on the development of Baguio City in the Philippines.

Daniel Hudson Burnham was an American architect and urban planner who had a significant impact on the development of Baguio City in the Philippines.

Daniel Hudson Burnham was born in Henderson, New York, in 1846. He studied architecture in Chicago and worked as a draftsman for several years before forming his own firm in 1873. Burnham's firm quickly became one of the most successful architectural firms in the United States, and he is best known for his work on the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago.

In 1903, Burnham was invited to the Philippines by the American colonial government to help plan the development of Baguio City as a summer capital. Burnham was a strong believer in the City Beautiful movement, which promoted the use of classical architecture and landscaping to create beautiful and functional cities. He proposed a plan for Baguio City that would incorporate many of the principles of the City Beautiful movement.

Portrait of Daniel Hudson Burnham

Burnham's plan for Baguio City included a grid pattern of streets, a central park, and a number of government buildings. He also designed a number of parks and gardens, including Burnham Park, the Botanical Garden, and the Mines View Park. Burnham's plan was largely implemented, and Baguio City became a popular destination for both American and Filipino officials and tourists.

Rare photo of Daniel Hudson Burnham in Baguio City

The distinctive architecture of Baguio City is a testament to Burnham's vision. The city's most notable buildings, such as the Session Hall of the Philippine Congress, the Baguio Cathedral, and the Burnham Park Hotel, were all designed by Burnham or his associates. Burnham's parks and gardens also helped to make Baguio City a popular destination for people seeking relief from the heat of the lowlands.

'City of Baguio: General Plan of Improvements', 1905 Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University

Burnham's legacy in Baguio City is significant. His plan for the city helped to shape its distinctive character, and his buildings and parks continue to be enjoyed by people from all over the world. In addition to his work in Baguio City, Burnham also had a significant impact on the development of other cities in the Philippines, including Manila and Cebu. He is considered one of the most important architects and urban planners of the 20th century, and his work in the Philippines helped to shape the country's urban landscape.

Bust of Daniel Burnham at Burnham Park Cookie Nguyen

Additional Information

  • The Provincial Capitol of Mountain Province was also designed by Burnham, and was initially called the Bontoc Government Building.
  • Burnham's work in the Philippines helped to shape the country's urban landscape, and his legacy continues to be celebrated today.

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