From mid-March of 1945 through April, a steady stream of refugee civilians escaped from Baguio through Japanese lines to Tubao.

Brave Igorot guides shepherded the refugees through mountain paths in what became known as the "Refugee Trail".

Among those who escaped were Manuel Roxas, Filomena Osmeña, daughter of President Sergio Osmeña; Jose Yulo, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court; Antonio de las Alas, Minister of Finance; and Teofilo Sison, Minister of the Interior.

Source: Winston, Sanford H. *The Golden Cross: A History of the 33rd Infantry Division in World War II.* Washington [D.C.]: Infantry Journal Press, 1948. p.334 via Cito Maramba

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