Skip to main content »
Igorotage

The Supon Tradition: A Unique Practice that Shapes Igorot Weddings

Learn about the Supon tradition, a unique and very important cornerstone of Igorot weddings that strengthens families and communities.

Uncover Supon, a unique aspect of Igorot weddings, and delve into its significance in upholding kinship, harmony, and respect. Experience the enduring legacy of Supon, a tradition that strengthens families and communities. Jacob Maentz, edited

In the high mountains of the Philippines, the Igorot people have their own way of celebrating traditional marriage, and one such tradition is Supon. This practice adds a unique element to their weddings. In this article, we'll explore Igorot marriage customs, particularly focusing on Supon within the Cordillera Administrative Region.

We'll look into the roots of Igorot marriage traditions, giving insights into the significance and cultural heritage in these customs. By the end, you'll understand the Igorot way of life, especially in traditional marriage, with a focus on Supon.

Throughout our exploration, we'll unravel the connections from the past to the present, providing a thorough overview of this cultural experience. From the Cordillera mountains to the stories of Igorot communities, this article aims to vividly portray the traditions that shape Igorot marriage.

The Essence of Supon: a Marriage of Generosity and Assistance

Supon, at its core, involves the act of giving, whether in the form of monetary gifts, labor, or various items that contribute to the new couple's journey into marriage. It transcends a mere transaction; it's a gesture deeply rooted in the Igorot culture, symbolizing generosity and communal support.

Known by the Kankana-ey term, Supon is a shared tradition across various Igorot ethnic groups, each having its unique name for this communal practice. Falling under the Igorot Binnadang spirit of mutual aid and community cooperation, Supon showcases the community's commitment to collective well-being. Individuals contribute not only financially but also through labor and useful items, assisting with wedding preparations like cooking and other essential tasks.

The primary purpose of Supon, particularly monetary gifts, is twofold. Firstly, it helps the new couple kickstart their married life, providing a crucial foundation for their journey ahead. Secondly, it serves as a collective effort to cover the costs incurred during the wedding, lightening the financial burden on the couple. Supon, in its various forms, underscores the communal spirit and collaborative effort within Igorot weddings, making it a meaningful and integral part of the celebration.

Witness the heartwarming Igorot custom of "Supon," where guests shower the newlyweds with monetary blessings, strengthening bonds and celebrating the union. Photo: Katutubo Exchange Philippines

Nuptial Threads: How Supon Works in Traditional Igorot Weddings

In a traditional Igorot wedding known as "dawak," Supon becomes the focal point after the main ceremonies, the "wat-wat," and amid traditional dances. Here's a breakdown of the process:

Following these significant events, the newly-wed couple takes their place behind a long table, featuring a large basket designated for monetary gifts, and a collection of tokens, which we'll explain shortly.

During this phase, wedding guests form a line, contributing money to the newly-wed couple. In return, they receive a token as a token of gratitude. An assistant, often a family member, diligently records the names or family names of the contributors.

In the past, tokens took the form of meat slices. However, in contemporary times, they can be diverse items, often serving as souvenirs. Personally, I find the long arm souvenirs, handy for a good back scratch, quite appealing. This straightforward exchange captures the essence of Supon in traditional Igorot weddings.

During Igorot weddings, the Supon tradition allows guests to express their well wishes for the newlyweds through monetary gifts. In return, guests receive a token of appreciation. Photo: Jacob Maentz

Evolving Traditions: Supon Through Generations

Supon, deeply ingrained in Igorot culture, has witnessed transformations and adaptations over time. This section sheds light on the changes in Supon and the modern influences shaping this ancient custom.

Changes and Adaptations in Supon

As generations unfold, Supon undergoes shifts reflective of societal changes. The once-traditional slices of meat as tokens have evolved into a myriad of items. Nowadays, Supon can encompass anything from practical household items to symbolic tokens, emphasizing the flexibility and adaptability of this cultural practice.

Modern Influences Shaping This Ancient Custom

Contemporary influences have left their mark on Supon, introducing new elements while preserving its core essence. One notable change is the introduction of tiers in Supon. When a guest gives a relatively small amount of money, they receive a corresponding-sized token. Conversely, wealthier contributors may receive higher-tier tokens for larger contributions. It's crucial to emphasize that the value lies not in the amount but in the thought behind the gesture. Every contribution, regardless of size, is a meaningful expression of support.

While the introduction of tiers adds a new dynamic, it's essential to recognize that financial capacity varies among guests. It's crucial to foster an understanding that the thought behind the gift holds immense value. In some cases, friends and family may not attend weddings due to financial constraints, highlighting the need for empathy and appreciation of diverse circumstances.

The evolution of Supon reflects the dynamic nature of Igorot traditions, where ancient customs seamlessly integrate with the demands and innovations of the present day.

FAQ: Unraveling Igorot Marriage Traditions

1. What is the significance of Supon in Igorot weddings?

Supon holds a deep meaning in Igorot weddings, symbolizing generosity and communal support. It goes beyond a transaction, embodying the spirit of mutual aid and cooperation within the community.

2. How has Supon evolved over time?

Supon has undergone changes reflective of societal shifts. Once involving traditional meat slices, it has evolved into a diverse array of items, emphasizing its adaptability to modern influences.

3. Can you explain the role of Supon in traditional Igorot wedding ceremonies?

In a traditional Igorot wedding, Supon takes center stage after significant ceremonies. The newlyweds sit behind a table, receiving monetary gifts from guests, who, in return, are given tokens as a gesture of gratitude.

4. Are there variations in how Supon is practiced among different Igorot ethnic groups?

Yes, various Igorot ethnic groups share the practice of Supon under different names. While the essence remains, each group may have unique customs and names associated with this communal tradition.

5. How does the introduction of tiers in Supon work?

Tiers in Supon are introduced based on the amount contributed. Guests giving smaller amounts receive corresponding-sized tokens, while larger contributions may result in higher-tier tokens. However, it's crucial to note that the value lies in the thought behind the gift, not just the amount.

6. What is the primary purpose of Supon, especially monetary gifts?

The main purpose of monetary gifts in Supon is twofold. It helps the new couple kickstart their married life, providing a crucial foundation for their journey ahead. Additionally, it serves as a collective effort to cover the costs incurred during the wedding, easing the financial burden on the couple.

7. How can one approach discussions about Supon with cultural sensitivity?

Approaching discussions about Supon with genuine curiosity, openness to learn, and a respect for cultural nuances is crucial. Asking questions and avoiding assumptions fosters meaningful conversations that promote cultural appreciation.

8. Why is Supon considered an integral part of Igorot weddings?

Supon is integral to Igorot weddings because it embodies the community's commitment to collective well-being. It's not just a custom; it's a reflection of the communal spirit and collaborative effort within Igorot celebrations.

9. What is the typical monetary contribution received by couples through Supon, on average?

The amount couples receive through Supon typically varies based on the number of guests and their financial capacity. In modern times, this can range from PHP 50,000 to 500,000 or even more, reflecting the generosity and financial capacity of the attendees.

Conclusion: Embracing Tradition with Supon

In understanding Igorot marriage customs, Supon stands out as a crucial element. Rooted in generosity and community support, it reflects the Igorot way of celebrating unions.

As we traced Supon from its historical roots to modern adaptations, a clear link between the past and present emerged. The essence of Supon, whether through monetary gifts, labor, or various items, illustrates the dynamic evolution of Igorot traditions.

Supon goes beyond a wedding custom; it embodies the Igorot Binnadang spirit-a commitment to mutual aid and community cooperation. It signifies collective support for couples starting their marital journey.

At the heart of Igorot weddings, Supon remains a symbol of unity, resilience, and community spirit. Its evolution reflects not only within the Cordillera Administrative Region but resonates with universal themes of love, generosity, and the celebration of shared moments.

Through Supon, the Igorot people continue to script their story, connecting the past to the present and leaving a legacy that echoes the richness of their cultural heritage.


Sharing is caring, kailian!

We do hope you find something great in this story. If you find this helpful, please do share it with the people you care about.


Igorotage is a platform for people to share their thoughts and ideas. The views expressed on Igorotage are the opinions of the individual users, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Igorotage.

Comments (1)

Sign in to share your thoughts. No account yet?

What to learn next?

You might also like to read more related articles filed under Culture and Traditions — or jump to a random article!

Culture and Traditions Surprise me

Nu Laydem Ay Mangila (Lyrics + Song Meaning) by Juanito Cadangen

Discover the lyrics and song meaning of the Kankana-ey song 'Nu Laydem Ay Mangila' by Juanito Cadangen, a cultural gem of Igorot heritage.

Wed at 04:43pm · 8 min read

A Brief History of Mountain Province: From La Montanosa to CAR

Read the brief history of Mountain Province, from the Comandancia era to its pivotal role in the Cordillera Administrative Region today.

Jun 27 · 1 min read

Sagada Centennial Wheel: The Legacy of the Anglican Mission

Learn about the significance of the Sagada Centennial Wheel and the lasting legacy of the Anglican Mission, spearheaded by Rev. Staunton, in Sagada.

Jun 7 · 5 min read

Igorot Marine Officer Capt. Dennis Sadlay Top 3 in Strategic Civil-Military Sanglahi Class

Capt. Dennis D. Sadlay, an Igorot Marine Officer, ranks 3rd in the Strategic Civil-Military Operations Officers Online Course, Class 23-24 "Sanglahi."

Danum by Salidummay (Lyrics + Song Meaning)

Danum by Salidummay. Explore the lyrics and meaning of this Igorot song. Does it have connections to the NPA?

Jun 4 · 6 min read

Vote for Demvia Maslian: Igorot Woman Competes for America's Favorite Teacher Title

Support Demvia Maslian, an Igorot educator competing for the esteemed title of America's Favorite Teacher. Vote now!

May 10 · 2 min read

PSSg Vincent Nazario: Igorot tops Public Safety Junior Leadership Course

PSSg Vincent N Nazario, an Igorot from Ifugao, tops Public Safety Junior Leadership Course, 2023-02 Classes Alpha to India.

Baguio City: The Wealthiest City Outside Metro Manila

Baguio was the wealthiest city outside Metro Manila, per PSA data. Discover what it means for residents and its impact on the local community.

Mar 18 · 4 min read

Marked by Apo Whang-Od Part 1: About Buscalan, Tinglayan

Sharing significant pieces of the village's history and culture

Mar 15 · 4 min read

Six Kalinga Heritage Sites Now Protected in PRECUP: Securing Cultural Treasures

In a historic moment, 6 cherished heritage sites in Kalinga have been enrolled in PRECUP, securing protection from modification or demolition.

Mar 14 · 2 min read