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Kalinga: Leading Palay Producer in the Cordillera Region

Kalinga province is top palay producer in the Cordillera region, according to data recently released by the PSA for the year 2023.

 |  2 min read

Kalinga province is top palay producer in the Cordillera region, according to data recently released by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) for the year 2023. Photo: Zaldy C. Comanda

In the Cordillera Region of the Philippines, Kalinga province stands out as the top producer of palay, or unhusked rice, according to recently released data from the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) for the year 2023. Despite experiencing a slight decline in production compared to the previous year, Kalinga's agricultural prominence remains significant.

Palay Production Overview

In 2022, Kalinga made a substantial contribution to regional palay production, yielding an impressive 114,804.76 metric tons. However, in 2023, there was a 1.71 percent decrease, with the province producing 112,839.99 metric tons of paddy. Nevertheless, Kalinga retained its position as the top palay producer in the region, accounting for 34 percent of the total paddy harvested.

Factors Influencing Production

Several factors contributed to the decline in palay production within the province. Reductions were observed in palay harvested from irrigated lands, rain-fed areas, and upland regions. Irrigated palay production decreased by 1.03 percent, while rain-fed and upland palay saw declines of 353.98 metric tons and 476.54 metric tons, respectively. Additionally, there was a slight decrease of 0.28 percent in the area of palay harvested in 2023 compared to the previous year.

Yield Per Hectare Analysis

The yield per hectare also experienced a decrease, falling from 4.05 metric tons in 2022 to 3.99 metric tons in 2023. This decline was primarily driven by reductions in yield per hectare across all types of palay cultivation. Specifically, the yield per hectare of irrigated paddy decreased from 4.17 to 4.14 metric tons, while rain-fed and upland palay witnessed declines from 2.74 to 2.32 metric tons and from 2.00 to 1.58 metric tons, respectively.

Dual Agricultural Dominance

Despite the challenges faced in palay production, Kalinga continues to demonstrate its agricultural versatility by maintaining its position as the top corn producer in the Cordillera Region. In 2023, the province yielded 63,660.19 metric tons of corn, reinforcing its status as a key contributor to the region's agricultural output.


In conclusion, while Kalinga encountered setbacks in palay production in 2023, its resilience and agricultural expertise remain evident. Despite facing challenges such as decreased yields and production, the province maintains its position as a leader in both palay and corn cultivation in the Cordillera Region. Moving forward, addressing the factors influencing production decline and implementing strategies to enhance agricultural efficiency will be crucial in sustaining Kalinga's agricultural prominence and contributing to regional food security.

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